International Atomic Energy Agency
Board of Governors
GOV/2005/87Date: 18 November 2005
Restricted DistributionOriginal: English
For official use only
Item 3(c) of the provisional agenda (GOV/2005/81)
Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Report by the Director General
- 1. On 24 September 2005, the Board of Governors adopted a resolution (GOV/2005/77) in which, inter alia, it urged the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter referred to as Iran), in order to help the Director General to resolve outstanding questions and provide the necessary assurances:
- • To implement transparency measures, as requested by the Director General in his report, which extend beyond the formal requirements of the Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol, and include access to individuals, documentation relating to procurement, dual use equipment, certain military owned workshops and research and development locations;
- • To re-establish full and sustained suspension of all enrichment-related activity, as in GOV/2005/64, and reprocessing activity;
- • To reconsider the construction of a research reactor moderated by heavy water;
- • Promptly to ratify and implement in full the Additional Protocol;
- • Pending completion of the ratification of the Additional Protocol to continue to act in accordance with the provisions of the Additional Protocol, which Iran signed on 18 December 2003.
- 2. This progress report builds on the previous reports 1 of the Director General to the Board of Governors on issues related to the implementation of the Agreement between Iran and the Agency for
The initial report to the Board of Governors on this matter was provided by the Director General orally at the Board’s meeting on 17 March 2003. The Director General has since then submitted eleven written reports to the Board: GOV/2003/40, dated 6 June 2003; GOV/2003/63, dated 26 August 2003; GOV/2003/75, dated 10 November 2003; GOV/2004/11, dated 24 February 2004; GOV/2004/34, dated 1 June 2004, and Corr.1, dated 18 June 2004; GOV/2004/60, dated 1 September 2004; GOV/2004/83, dated 15 November 2004; INFCIRC/648, dated 1 August 2005; GOV/2005/61, dated 8 August 2005; GOV/2005/62, dated 10 August 2005; and GOV/2005/67, dated 2 September 2005. In addition, the Deputy Director General for Safeguards made oral statements to the Board on 1 March 2005 (GOV/OR.1119) and on 16 June 2005 (GOV/OR.1130).
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- the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (the Safeguards Agreement
- A.2.1. The 1987 offer
- to metal in small quantities, and on the casting and machining of enriched, natural and depleted uranium metal into hemispherical forms, with respect to which Iran stated that it had
The document contained a list including: a disassembled centrifuge, including drawings, descriptions and specifications for production of centrifuges; drawings, specifications and calculations for a "complete plant"; and materials for 2000 centrifuge machines. The document also made reference to: auxiliary vacuum and electric drive equipment; a liquid nitrogen plant; a water treatment and purification plant; a complete set of workshop equipment for mechanical, electrical and electronic support; and uranium reconversion and casting capabilities.
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- A.2.2. Genesis of the mid-1990s offer
- A.2.3. Shipping documents and other documentation
- A.2.4. Technical discussions between Iran and the intermediaries
- 11. Iran has maintained that, after the meetings leading to the 1987 offer and the actual receipt of components and documentation, no contacts were made between Iranian officials and the procurement network before 1993. Iran reiterated that the contact for the mid-1990s offer had been an initiative by the network, and not by Iran.
- 12. Iran has previously confirmed that, following the mid-1990s offer, up to ten meetings were held with the intermediaries during the period 1996 to 1999. Information supporting this statement was supplied by one of the individuals interviewed by the Agency. Iran has stated that these meetings were all related to discussions about the poor quality of many of the P-1 components that had been supplied to Iran and to obtaining answers to specific technical questions arising from Iran’s efforts to operate the P-1 centrifuges. Iran has maintained that at no time during this period did it discuss the P-2 centrifuge design, nor did Iran discuss the possible supply of P-2 centrifuge components, sub-assemblies or rotors.
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- 20. In the September 2005 report to the Board of Governors, it was noted that, in light of the difficulty of establishing a definitive conclusion with respect to all of the contamination, it was important to make progress on the issue of the scope and chronology of Iran’s P-1 and P-2 programmes (see paras 44–47 of GOV/2005/67). Since that time, Iran has been more forthcoming in providing access to additional documentation related to the 1987 offer and permitting interviews with individuals who had been involved in discussions with the procurement network. However, there still remain issues to be resolved in connection with the genesis of the mid-1990s offer. The Agency is still
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- seeking additional assurance that no P-2 programme was conducted between 1995 and 2002. The Agency is currently reviewing the new information provided by Iran on the P-1 and P-2 enrichment programmes and has emphasized to Iran the importance of providing the additional requested supporting documentation.
- 21. As also noted in the previous report to the Board, in order to clarify some of the outstanding issues related to Iran’s enrichment programme, Iran’s full transparency is indispensable and overdue. Transparency measures should include the provision of information and documentation related to the procurement of dual use equipment, and permitting visits to relevant military owned workshops and R&D locations associated with the Physics Research Centre and the Lavisan-Shian site. In this regard, the Agency welcomes the access provided to the Parchin site. The Agency, however, is still awaiting additional information and permission to undertake additional visits. These should also include interviews on the acquisition of certain dual use materials and equipment, and the taking of environmental samples from the above locations.
- 22. The Secretariat will continue its investigation of all relevant information available to it as well as of outstanding issues pertaining to Iran’s nuclear programme. The Director General will continue to report to the Board as appropriate.